Roofing Teminology

Common Roofing Words and Terminology:

flatRoofDictionary-1Our experts at American Standard Roofing go over some common roofing words and terminology for homeowners.In our experience, we have come across many homeowners who find a bunch of words used in the roofing industry as confusing and difficult to understand. It is important to be familiar with some common roofing words and terms used in the roofing services industry. This is especially important if you run into issues that you would like to fix yourself. A good DIY (do-it-yourself) project basically requires the need to understand common roofing words, concepts and suggestions presented in the roofing guide.

Our team here strongly suggests going over the following list of words we have compiled for you. Understanding these common roofing words will not only make homeowners more confident about what they’re doing, but also prepare them for undertaking bigger projects in the future.


Built-up RoofBuilt-up-Roof-300x247

A built-up roof is a flat or low-slope roof. It is covered with layers of felt and asphalt, and topped off with a coating of gravel.


Dormer Roof:Dormer-Roof-300x290

A Dormer Roof is a way to extend your current space. It is a sort of an extension with a dormer window which provides additional head room. Using a dormer roof is generally the ideal way to go if homeowners want to increase a little bit of space. Make sure you plan your project well and obtain permission from the right authorities before getting a dormer roof.


Eaves:Roof-Eave-225x300

Roof eaves are generally referred to the lower point of the roof rim, which may be as long as the outer edge or overhang beyond the edge of the building.


Felt:Felt-Paper-300x220

Felt paper, in common roofing words and terminology, is a thick paper used in the roofing industry. It is commonly made of a combination of asphalt and paper, or rags.


Flashing:Roof-Flashings-300x228

A flashing is referred to a metal sheet or small metal components in a roof which serve as the seal between tiles and other parts of the roof. It is especially important to keep maintained if you have a leaky roof as explained here along with the picture of what exactly flashing is. Flashing can be made from lead or other materials such as zinc.


Green roof:Green-Roof-Chicago-City-Hall.-300x225

is a term used to refer to the planting of live materials on a roof, which provide ideal insulation and defense against flooding. It can also be viewed as an aesthetically pleasant option especially in urban landscapes. The picture above is a green roof from Chicago City Hall.


Rafter:Rafter-254x300

A rafter is structural wood, which is used for the attachment of sheath. Image courtesy Wikipedia.


Ridge:Ridge-Cap-300x242

As shown in the image above courtesy of GAF, a ridge is the horizontal line formed by the juncture of the two sloping surfaces of the roof.


Sheathing:Sheathing-300x225

Sheathing is a sheet material pinned to the rafters to which shingles and other outside roofing materials can be adhered.


Soffit:Soffit-300x169

Soffit is the area underneath the portion of the roof which extends beyond the sidewalls of the house.


Underlayment:Underlayment-300x166

Underlayment is the material laid on top of sheathing before shingles are added. There are commonly two types of underlayment: synthetic and felt.


Valleys:Roof-Valley-300x201

Roof valleys are channels where two different sloping roof segments meet, and allow the water to run off.


We’re Roofing Experts!

So there you have it. Being familiar with these key roofing words will help you whenever you have an issue you would like to fix yourself. This will also help you to become more knowledgeable in case you need to understand a basic roofing guide for a particular project. If you require any roofing, siding or guttering service, please give us a call or visit our website. We service Metro Detroit area. We have been in the business for over 36 years and know our job. Give us a call today at (248) 350-2323. We’re happy to help.


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We are certified and licensed roofing contractors.

We also have over 36 years of experience in the industry. American Standard Roofing stands behind it’s work. Our reputation is important to us. We believe in never sacrificing quality for easy profits. We also stand behind our services for the lifetime of the product, both labor and material. That is why we are #1 metro Detroit roofers. Be sure to give us a call at (248) 350-2323 for all your roofing, siding and guttering needs.


 

Thanks Lou! With Al O’Neal on Bob Allison’s “Ask Your Neighbor”

bob and rob

Can not thank you enough for the feedback and support!  We work every day to improve our installation processes, our teams and our client relations.  We are dedicated to our trade, and hope to be the household name that people think of when they need a welcoming yet no-nonsense team of people to take care of their roofing needs.

Thanks Lou!  Below you can listen to Lou’s take on his experiences with American Standard Roofing on Bob Allison’s “Ask Your Neighbor”.  You can join Bob’s show Monday through Friday, 9-11am EST on AM 690, WNZK.

A few common leak areas

The Most Obvious Sign Of A Roofing Problem

missingEveryone knows that shingles are the first line of defense on your roof from water leaking in. Many times, when a roof ages and needs replacement, you will notice several different things when you look at the shingles. You may notice missing shingles, which will eventually allow the water to get to the wood & into your home. Discolored shingles that have lost the majority of their surface granulation are another spot that may be the source of the leak. When the shingles start to deteriorate you will see them start to curl up on the edges.  This means they are absorbing water, and it’s only a short matter of time before they can’t absorb any more, leaving the water to find its way into the home.


A High Traffic Area That Tends To Wear Out Firstvalley

The valley is the portion of the roof where two different sections meet. Many times an amateur installer will run the seam straight down the middle allowing water to more easily penetrate between the resulting seam. A professional roofing contractor should put the seam up a few inches in order to avoid this problem. Because the water flows towards the valley and thus this area is one of the highest traffic points, it will show the most amount of wear and tear on the entire roof. This is another good reason to hire only experienced roofing companies to complete the job because they will go a step beyond the basics and underlay the valleys in ice and water shield as well. If this is done even when the valley wears through you will not experience any leaking. This is especially important when roofing in colder climates that experience extreme weather damage and heavy winters storms such as in Michigan.


barrYou Barrier Between Anything Connected To The Roof

The flashing is another very common area that residential roofing customers will experience leaking. It is a tougher area to properly install, and many times smaller roofing companies simply skimp out or don’t have the skill set necessary to complete the job correctly. Look in areas such as around the chimney to see if you can spot any signs that the metal is separating from the brick. Other times the problem is less obvious, and you may only notice a slight bulging around the effected area indicating the wood is actively absorbing water and deforming. A portion of the flashing will climb up the wall and the remainder is located underneath the shingle, so pay attention to both of these places. There is also flashing around all vent pipes and skylights, both of which leak extremely often. Make sure that when you get a new roof installed, they are replacing all the existing flashing up there and not just reusing materials in order to save themselves a little money.


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We are certified and licensed roofing contractors.

We also have over 36 years of experience in the industry. American Standard Roofing stands behind it’s work. Our reputation is important to us. We believe in never sacrificing quality for easy profits. We also stand behind our services for the lifetime of the product, both labor and material. That is why we are #1 metro Detroit roofers. Be sure to give us a call at (248) 350-2323 for all your roofing, siding and guttering needs.

Infographic – Flat Roofing Michigan

Flat-Roof-Infog

112 pixelWe are certified and licensed roofing contractors.

We also have over 36 years of experience in the industry. American Standard Roofing stands behind it’s work. Our reputation is important to us. We believe in never sacrificing quality for easy profits. We also stand behind our services for the lifetime of the product, both labor and material. That is why we are #1 metro Detroit roofers. Be sure to give us a call at (248) 350-2323 for all your roofing, siding and guttering needs.

The shingle color

The shingle color needs to fit the whole picture.


Choose carefully, you only get to choose the color once!1

Since you took your time and hired the right roofing company, your new roof is going to last you a long, long time. That means you will no longer need to worry about those pesky leaks, BUT! You are going to be stuck with that color choice whether you like it or not. A higher quality material is known as architectural or 3D shingle.  You will notice that the majority of new roof installations will choose this option as opposed to the older 3-tab style. Architectural shingles have various benefits that make them both a practical choice because of their longevity and added protection, as well as an upgraded ascetic quality that makes the house have the little extra pop everyone is looking for. This added shingle dimension lets you play with the shadowing effect on the roof which allows customers to choose a wider range of colors that would not otherwise work as well.


A home design that captures your true personality.

Choose a color to express yourself.  If you are looking to make a statement there are numerous shingles available that use mixed color variations to give a unique and distinct look to the roof. If you are more concerned with playing it safe or are planning on selling the property some time in the near future consider using neutral colors such as pure browns, blacks, and greys. On this note, if you are trying to hide defects you should use low-contrast colors and if you are trying to accentuate certain features go with high-contract colors. If you want to make your house look smaller choose a dark color and if you want are trying to make it look bigger then it is stay with something light.

coordTie it all together with a coordinated color scheme.

Pay close attention to the details.  It’s common sense to say that you want all the separate elements used on the exterior of your home to blend together harmoniously, but nonetheless detail needs to be considered. For instance, if you have a white traditional house then you should stick with a dark grey or black shingle. If your siding or trim is brown, tan, or cream in color then you need to choose a shingle color that at least contains an element of brown to it. The harder to dress blue and grey homes need a dark grey or black shingle as well. The remaining green, yellow, and red painted homes allow for a wider variety of choices, so play off any accent coloring or even landscaping.


Beware of the HOA bylaws & opinionated neighbors.hoa

The last thing you want to happen would be to buy a new roof, only to receive a letter from your neighborhood HOA a week later stating you must now replace it because it is not an approved color shingle.  Contact them first to make sure everyone is on the same page, because a mistake like that you will only make once as it is quite a painful and expensive experience to learn from. Another thing to consider is how the new roof will look in comparison to your neighbors home. Did you copy their color exactly? Does the roof color you want contrast too much with what they had installed? Ideally, you want the entire block to look good, so do your best to help make that dream a reality.


enefThe often overlooked smaller factors can make all the difference.

Energy Efficiency.  For most families it is important to save every penny that they possibly can, so when it comes to heating and cooling, no one wants to be throwing money out the window. It may be hard to believe, but your choice of shingle color can make a difference of up to 40 degrees in the attic. In warmer climates, a lighter shingle color helps to reflect the sunlight off of your home thus lowering the temperature inside. For colder climates such as Michigan, darker shingles could help absorb the heat, thus melting the snow in the winter time.


Material can have the biggest effect on the appearance of your new roof.

metal

Clay, slate, concrete, wood shake, metal, and asphalt shingles are all options that are currently being used in residential construction. The pros and cons of each material is a vast subject that will be addressed in a separate article. For the time being it is easiest to choose a material that you like, go drive around a local neighborhood in which you can find a roof with the desired material so that you can see it in person, and then to Google it to do some research. As a last ditch effort you can follow the link provided at the bottom of this page to use a digital tool that will let you interchange shingle colors in real time.


Do you care what your neighbor thinks about your roof color?

 Yes, their opinion means a lot to me

 No, I could care less what they think                                                                                     What’s your take?


 Shingle Color & Style Selector:


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We are certified and licensed roofing contractors.

We also have over 36 years of experience in the industry. American Standard Roofing stands behind it’s work. Our reputation is important to us. We believe in never sacrificing quality for easy profits. We also stand behind our services for the lifetime of the product, both labor and material. That is why we are #1 metro Detroit roofers. Be sure to give us a call at (248) 350-2323 for all your roofing, siding and guttering needs.

Siding is the New Black

Siding has become a very popular choice for the exterior of both homes and sheds,

and it’s not hard to see why.  New siding can add a pop of color to your home, make the exterior look new again, and also offers a great maintenance free alternative to other options.


sidingWith aluminum or vinyl siding, you never have to worry about painting again.  Long lasting and durable, a quick spray down with the hose is usually all you need to make it look new again.

Siding will also add curb appeal to your home.  Not only will you enjoy pulling up in the driveway every day, it will be appealing for potential buyers as well.

Having new siding installed is also the perfect time to add more insulation to your home.  The insulation will be placed on the exterior of your home, then will be completely covered up with the siding.  When your home is better insulated, you will lose less heating and cooling from inside, and it will lessen the drafts in your home.  This means you will have to spend less money on your energy bills each month.

If you are considering siding for your home or shed, American Standard Roofing can help.  With over 40 years in the business, their professional installers will complete the job efficiently and properly.  The high quality siding used all come with a written warranty, and will last for years to come.  There are a variety of styles and colors to choose from.


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We are certified and licensed roofing contractors.

We also have over 36 years of experience in the industry. American Standard Roofing stands behind it’s work. Our reputation is important to us. We believe in never sacrificing quality for easy profits. We also stand behind our services for the lifetime of the product, both labor and material. That is why we are #1 metro Detroit roofers. Be sure to give us a call at (248) 350-2323 for all your roofing, siding and guttering needs.

The Effects of Weather

Protecting us from the power of nature


Your home is the last line of defense

lightningThe only thing standing between you and the elements is the house that you live in. This can be quite scary if you really consider the implications. We all know that taking care of home improvement projects can seem like a never ending task. So, where to begin? Well, from the top down of course! Think of the roof like the head of a body, it is in charge of all the major functions you need to protect your property. It is the closest part of your house to the sky and therefore takes the harshest punishment from the weather. Heavy snow, ice, rain, and other wet weather all need to be kept outside of your house, but they take a heavy toll on that poor old roof over your head!

Praying to the weather Gods will only get you so far!


Practical advise to help preserve your roof.

Now, keep in mind all this information is provided assuming you had a quality roof installed in the first place. Trust me when I say, more often then not this is simply not the case. The majority of roofing contractors simply install the cheapest and easiest roofing system available, then run off with all the profit that they can. This is because they have no intention of staying in business long. They may not be licensed or insured, and simply change the companies name when the problems and complaints start to pile up. To make this short and to the point…the first thing you can to in order to properly maintain your roof is to hire a professional roofing contractor in the first place!


Dangerous and not much fun but so, so important:  Get rid of all that heavy snow ASAP!roof snow remove

Once the snow has piled up past a half-foot or so you are risking potential damages to your roof. It is obviously best if you are capable of getting up there and actually shoveling the snow off the entire roof. However, there are tools for the less coordinated or adventurous such as the roof rake that allow you to accomplish similar results from the ground. This simple tool can be purchased at your local Lowe’s or Home Depot and is telescoping so that you can get that extra reach without over extending yourself. If you are a hard core do it yourself type person check out this article on how to make one yourself and save a little money. The DIY Snow Ripper Can Eliminate Snow From Your Roof in Minutes


Properly installed, this can be a life saver!

Heat Tape for heavy traffic problematic areas.

heat tapeA solution that should be utilized for any pesky or hard to reach areas that are a constant pain in the winter times. There are just some areas that you can’t get to in order to clean them off or that seem to collect a ton of ice regardless of what you do. Heat tape will help to melt the snow and ice in these areas, but make sure it is installed in such a manner that it will work with gravity. Some people have had great success running it throughout the gutter system as this is usually the first place to freeze up when it gets cold. The last thing you want to do is to install it somewhere in which it will just melt the ice and then the water just sits there with no where to go. It will find its way right into your house somehow or another. There are heat tapes available at your local hardware store for common problems, and there are commercial heat tapes that require a electrician to install. Analyze the situation and determine how severe of a problem you have before making a purchase.


Proper air flow will do wonders.

With enough ventilation, most of your problems should solve themselves.air flow

Most people do not understand how important ventilation is when it comes to roofing. You want the temperature in your attic to match that outside, and the only way to ensure this is with the proper installation of intake and output vents. With the temperatures closely matched you minimize the condensation and thus likelihood of the roof wood rotting or growing mold. When a roof is well ventilated rarely will you see any major issues with ice damning except in low slope areas. A commonly overlooked mistake is when the bathroom or dryer vents are dumping right into the attic. These need to be properly vented using a roof jack so that they do not cause unwanted temperature fluctuations & excess moisture from getting in your attic.


Animals love to find soft spots so they can make their new homes in your roof!

If you suspect any rotten wood up there, it is best to replace it sooner then later.

squirrel houseThe smallest of leaks can cause moisture to rot away that wood quicker then you would ever believe. As cute as they may seem you really do not want to deal with any animals taking up residence in your residence. Animals such as squirrels and birds will literally spend an entire day searching for that one soft spot that they can continue to chew until a hole straight into the attic has been formed. Once inside, getting them out can be tougher then evicting dead beat tenants from a rental property. If you have any concern about questionable looking wood on or around your roof, call a professional out as soon as possible. Better to be safe then sorry. Wood replacement is not all that expensive, and will save you a fortune in the long run by preventing the need for some major repairs.

Personal Sob Stories:

Have you ever delayed a roof repair only to suffer major consequences?

  •  Yes, it was a horrible mistake I will never make again
  •  No, we are lucky and should play the lotto!

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We are certified and licensed roofing contractors.

We also have over 36 years of experience in the industry. American Standard Roofing stands behind it’s work. Our reputation is important to us. We believe in never sacrificing quality for easy profits. We also stand behind our services for the lifetime of the product, both labor and material. That is why we are #1 metro Detroit roofers. Be sure to give us a call at (248) 350-2323 for all your roofing, siding and guttering needs.


 

Serving Southfield

Southfield, MI., U.S.A

We aren’t just proud because Southfield is the town that our business is located in. American Standard Roofing is proud of the city itself and all that it has accomplished. This article is dedicated to the city in its past glory, current progress, and future potential.


sfld

There are many businesses located in Southfield, making it the second largest center within Metro Detroit, with over 27,000,000 square feet of office space. There are more than 100 Fortune 500 companies that have offices in the city! These business owners only expect the best, and their commercial buildings require certified installers to service their roofs. We hold exclusive contracts with numerous companies within the city that we are very proud to have within our business portfolio. Many of the older homes also have historical qualities that deserve to be preserved, so it’s important that you choose an experienced roofing contractor capable of respecting your property.

According to the recent census, Southfield is occupied by a workforce primarily composed of sales and office workers. Nearly half of the citizens here hold a 4 year bachelors degree, making it a very well educated community. However, the per capita income is only $28,895. Providing proper roofing services in our community means we constantly need to be working to find our customers the best financing options available. We have no money down programs, 0% financing, and help those with good or bad credit.

The building department requires that we pull a permit before installation, and they also have an open roof inspection where they inspect the work we are doing to make sure it is up to their standards. In fact, we are so well known within the city, if you call the building department and ask them for a roofing recommendation, they will give you our name. We have done, and hope to continue to win bids for, various government properties of all sizes.


112 pixelWe are certified and licensed roofing contractors.

We also have over 36 years of experience in the industry. American Standard Roofing stands behind it’s work. Our reputation is important to us. We believe in never sacrificing quality for easy profits. We also stand behind our services for the lifetime of the product, both labor and material. That is why we are #1 metro Detroit roofers. Be sure to give us a call at (248) 350-2323 for all your roofing, siding and guttering needs.

Enjoy Another From our Video Vault!

112 pixelWe are certified and licensed roofing contractors.

We also have over 36 years of experience in the industry. American Standard Roofing stands behind it’s work. Our reputation is important to us. We believe in never sacrificing quality for easy profits. We also stand behind our services for the lifetime of the product, both labor and material. That is why we are #1 metro Detroit roofers. Be sure to give us a call at (248) 350-2323 for all your roofing, siding and guttering needs.

Installation Backlog!

help!I NEED A NEW ROOF YESTERDAY…HELP!!!!   Installation Backlog


If you have read the news at all lately, you have seen that our industry has taken quite the beating from this springs weather. The construction industry is feeling the pressure more than any other.  It is also a seasonal business, which means they have even less time to get through their larger than usual backlog.


Roofing and construction companies are typically working at full capacity by mid March at the latest, and this year the massive spring wind storm kicked everything into high gear right away. Certain roofing contractors, such as American Standard Roofing of Southfield Michigan, work throughout winter…but this is a rarity now a days. It is hard to find companies like this because of the extra work that is required shoveling off snow before working, let alone paying the workers extra for the increased hazard and effort.  Temps have to hit at least 40 degrees, and in Michigan let’s face it…not even the weather man knows what will happen with the weather, even on the day of.  Now that the weather is much more permitting, you will find tons of companies with a back log for MONTHS on end.  Companies are scrambling to complete work, and to find the necessary skilled workers to complete these jobs.


The good news is that the materials ARE available.

This should make the bids more competitive, but again this all depends on demand for the work. This circles us backJob Duration around to scheduling.  It is very difficult for a contractor to arrange for delivery of materials when there are 20 other shipments that need to be made that same day. Therefore, it is a lot safer to do business with a company that is large enough to have a good relationship with their suppliers. This is just one other downside to hiring to two guys working out of the back of a truck. An associate at the local distributor ABC Supply said “Unfortunately there are only so many orders that can get filled in a day, and we have to service our larger clients first before we can even consider the smaller guys.”  While material delivery is only one small part of a successful installation from start to finish, it is a very important one.


Please bare with your local contractors on scheduling installations!

Remember, every rain day or extreme temp day we deal with sets them back even further.  However many jobs were scheduled for installation that day are now added to backlog, and have to be moved in to the already existing future load.  Extreme temps and hard work day after day means tired crews.  Contractors can never forget to take care of their installers, and this also plays a key part in the proper scheduling of installations.  The safety and well being of the teams always must come first.  Go easy on your contractor if your installation dates take a bit longer to arrive, as they must make the best and safest decision and consider weather, availability of material delivery and refuse can delivery, the well being of their teams and the ability to successfully complete the project without issue concerning all points, and the existing backlog that must be taken care of.


Web Logo

We are certified and licensed roofing contractors.

We also have over 36 years of experience in the industry. American Standard Roofing stands behind it’s work. Our reputation is important to us. We believe in never sacrificing quality for easy profits. We also stand behind our services for the lifetime of the product, both labor and material. That is why we are #1 metro Detroit roofers. Be sure to give us a call at (248) 350-2323 for all your roofing, siding and guttering needs.